SEBI turns hero for investors, Trump three-way fist bumps with Shinzo and Modi and more

Monsoon seems to have brought along cheer on many fronts – right from pleasant weather to pleasant news for investors. Here’s what you must know to reassure yourself that your investments are headed in the right direction.

SEBI wears the cape to save investors once again

While Indian investors have only recently realized the ugly side of credit risk, SEBI has stepped in to ensure that investors are protected. SEBI’s recent circular tightens regulations for mutual funds, especially for the debt funds to offer insulation against the increasing probability of further markdowns on already sub-rated instruments.

Here are the most notable measures that will augur well for mutual fund investors.


Make your money work for you

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It is good to have Mutual Funds in your portfolio. Mutual funds will help the investors to build wealth with a small amount of money with the help of earning good returns. Before you make investments in any investment option you have to decode the cost. Cost doesn’t really matter in the fixed return products like FDs. The bank will rate your deposits after considering the cost and profits.
Bonds and traditional plans too work on the same logic. You need to consider certain factors such as the rate of interest, final payback, and current inflation rates. You need to think about cost in a market-linked product where the returns are linked to market conditions.

Market-Linked products carry 3 kinds of cost.

  1. Entry cost
  2. Ongoing cost
  3. Exit cost

Entry cost:

It is the cost to enter the product, also called “Front Load”. If you invest Rs 100, Rs 2 is cut-out so that Rs 98 is invested, the Rs 2 is called “front load”. A loan is a part of the price of the product which is invisible not usually disclosed.

Ongoing cost:

This is the annual fee that you need to pay to have experts to manage your money. This is also called as “Expense Ratio”. This is the fee charged by the company to manage the funds of the investors. The expense ratio depends on the amount of money you invest in the product. The market regulator “SEBI” has put a ceiling on charges.

  • Liquid funds- 14 paise to Rs. 10/- for every Rs 100/-.
  • Debt funds- 25 paise to Rs. 1.5/- for every Rs 100/-.
  • Equity funds- ranges between Rs. 2/- or Rs 3/-.

These numbers may look small but it forms huge amounts over the years. The fund with a lower expense ratio will get you a net return of 14.5 to 16% and the higher expense ratio will give you 13 to 15%.

Exit cost:

Third, an exit cost- it is the cost of selling the product. Funds will levy exit charges. This is a percentage of your corpus. The fund manager takes care of the cost of exit. Debt funds have zero exit cost and equity funds have an exit cost of 1% if you leave even before one year.
Always think on the cost that incurs to redeem your product after one, two and three years.

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Thus, the best way to evaluate a fund is by digging a bit deeper into the fees and also looking at the turnover ratio prior to investing. One can also invest in Mutual Funds and build wealth with Zero Fees and Zero Commission. Yes! That’s right. With Finity, you can invest in Direct Plan Mutual Funds and start your journey to fulfill your financial goals. Remember! The probability of a successful portfolio increases dramatically when you do your piece of homework.

Invest in Finity to make your money work for you!

Active vs Passive Funds

Passive funds or active funds

In Equity funds, we have different kinds, Active and Passive funds are one among them. Generally to brief on these funds:

“Passive funds: A lazy man’s strategy to earn money
Active funds: weathered the storm to earn money.”

Before having these two in your portfolio, let’s understand the concept.

Active Funds:

Active funds usually incur high cost because investors pool money and hand it over to a fund manager whose job is to select investments based on scientific research, intuitions and his experience. The investors take risk of investing in these funds because the outcome will be more effective.

Passive Funds:

It eliminates humanly ideas in predicting market moves. Passive investing means owning the market rather than trying to beat the market. It sounds uninteresting, but it is a desirable investing.
There is no difference between passive funds and index funds. All the index funds form the part of passive investing.

Beating or matching the market?

Passive investors consider that beating the part is impossible whereas, on the contrary, active investors believe that they can beat the market by selecting the good stocks. But with an aim to overcome the market and beat the benchmark, the fund managers end up substantially raising the cost of buying and selling the stocks.
The idea behind passive investing is to take advantage of market moves and compensate for the risk with the returns.
Don’t look at investing as a medium to make more money in a short span. The successful investors are those who invest for the longer term and understand that the returns are compounded over a period of time along with risk. This is the strategy used by investors to build the money.

Balanced funds:

The fund manager will always try to handle the asset allocation to safe the fund of the investors. And balanced funds are new kinds of funds launched and gaining huge popularity. Let’s understand the balanced funds in deep. There are 3 kinds of balanced funds-

  1. Conservative Funds.
  2. Balanced Funds.
  3. Aggressive funds.

Conservative funds have 10-25% in Equity, balanced have 40-50% in Equities, aggressive funds have 65-80% in Equities.

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Balanced funds are marketed as “Monthly Income Plans”. MIPs don’t offer any assured incomes, these are just the combination of debt funds with a small unit of equities that offer slightly higher returns than the pure debt funds.
Start investing in Finity– to see the fractions on your gains.

“Don’t gamble- take all your savings and buy some stocks, hold it till it goes up, then sell it. If it doesn’t go up, don’t buy it”

– Will Rogers

A Range of Debt Funds


The categorization of debt funds is simpler than the Equity Funds. Debt funds are the debt papers/ bonds issued either by the government or the firms or both. When a company needs money for both short term and long term purpose, they have the option of issuing the bonds. A bond will pay regular interest to the lenders, and then at maturity, it will repay principal- same as FD’s. There is a wide range of debt products available in the market with different maturity periods. Long term bonds are generally issued by the governments and short term bonds are issued both by the companies and the governments.

Don’t buy the bond directly from the company.

Generally, the bond that we buy from companies is “company deposits”. We shouldn’t buy because as an individual, it will be difficult for us to analyze the moves of the company and we buy bonds from 2 or 3 companies and in the mutual fund, we will have a bond of at least 25 to 30 companies.

Even if one out of three bonds performs badly, the entire profit will be affected and this will not happen when we hold bonds in mutual funds, any hit on one bond will be a fraction. This is what we called diversification of funds- we reduce the risk by increasing the number of products in our portfolio.

Always remember the bond which we are planning to buy should always match up with the time horizon because we make investments to meet the future needs. We will buy short term bonds if need our money in the near term and vice versa.

Alternative: Debt Mutual Funds

Debt Mutual Funds are those funds where the investments are made in debt or fixed income securities such as government securities, corporate bonds, and money market instruments. Investors who can invest in these funds are those who are risk averse and want to maintain stability in their asset portfolio. And these Debt funds come up with tax deductions and are highly liquid. They are “Safe investment instrument”

Types of Debt Funds:

We can classify the debt funds based on time and returns. Firstly, we should decide upon the holding period of the bond and then the returns that we are expecting. There are plenty of debt funds available in the market, before buying, use the logic and look for the products that satisfy your needs.

We can see the ups and downs in the value of the bonds. When there is a fall in the interest rates, the older bonds that are locked for higher rates will have more value and vice versa. So, what’s more, important is the “Residual Time”- the time left until the date of redemption.

Why is “Residual time” is important?

When interest rate falls the older high-rates bonds will have more value. And also, one which has 10 years left for maturity will have more value than the one which has a maturity of 1 year because we will be getting paid the higher returns for the next 10 years. Thus, Residual maturity determines the risk and return of the bonds.

  • Liquid funds:

Investment in debt and money market instruments ( treasury bills, call money, and government securities) with maturity up to 91 days only. These funds are highly liquid and the offers a low return and risk associated with these funds are very less.

  • Overnight funds:

Investors who are risk-averse can buy overnight funds because these are not subjected to high market fluctuations and a period of maturity is only one day.

  • Ultra-short-duration funds:

These come up with the maturity of not more than one year. These are suitable for investors who are ready to take up a marginal risk to have high returns.

  • Short term funds:

Investments are made in these funds for not less than one year and more than 5 years and it best suits the investors who are ready to take moderate risk.

  • Dynamic funds:

These are the funds with a variety class of bonds with different maturity levels. They are dynamic because the portfolio which includes these funds varies dynamically with the changing interest rates.

  • Durational funds:

Funds are classified based on durations.

Bonds  Duration 
Low term 6-8 months
Short term 1-3 years
Medium term  3-4 years
Medium to Long term 4-7 years
Long term More than 7 years 
  • Income funds:

Investments in securities with an average maturity period of more than 4.5 years.they are highly vulnerable to the change in interest rates. These are suitable to the investors who are ready to take high risk and willing to have investments of the longer term.

  • Corporate bond funds:

These are high rated bonds where 80% of the corpus will be invested in corporate bonds.

  • Credit risk funds:

Here, a minimum of 65% is invested in corporate bonds. The returns earned from these are tax exempted. However, the returns earned within 3 years are taxable (short term capital gain).

  • Gilt funds:

80% of the investments will be made in government securities. “Guilt” is the securities which are issued by the government. they provide a considerable return and are not subject to market fluctuations.

  • Floaters funds:

These bonds will have floating interest rates. The investors will earn when the interest rate goes down and the price of bonds moves up.
Now that you have a fair idea about Debt Funds, take some time and evaluate your needs and financial goals, choose and match the right fund that would serve your investment purpose and yield suitable returns.

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Invest in Finity– a top rated Mutual fund app in India!

save tax

Secret to Save Tax: Revealed

It’s a known fact that a lot of personal investments are made every day to save tax. Various investment options are made available to save tax such as Public Provident Fund (PPF), Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF), Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY), to name a few. However, one that is more than often recommended and seems promising is Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS). Let us take a closer look at this scheme and how it could help you.

What are ELSS Funds?

The only mutual fund eligible under Section 80C income tax deductions is Equity Linked Savings Schemes, commonly known as ELSS. It is an equity mutual fund and invests at least 80% of its total assets in equity and equity-related instruments. It is one of the best schemes that offer tax benefits.

What Makes ELSS More Promising for Saving Tax?

ELSS is arguably more preferable for people who wish to invest for tax-saving reasons. But there is more to them than meets the initial appearance. Let’s take a closer look:

1. Tax Benefits

  • Under the Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, ELSS funds are eligible for tax exemption up to a maximum of Rs. 1,50,000.
  • Tax-free returns on long term capital gains (LTCG) up to Rs. 1 lakh. ( 10% tax on returns > Rs. 1 lakh).

2. Better Returns

ELSS Funds also try and generate higher returns, anywhere between 15%-17%, because they leverage the benefit of equity markets. These are also safer for investors who want to invest in the stock market but not directly. So if you are wondering how to have equity exposure for your investments, it’s simple, opt for ELSS funds. However, remember to stay invested for a long period (at least 5 years) that’s the secret of getting high returns with equity funds.

3. Less Risky

ELSS Funds are safe for investors than investing directly in the stock market. This is made possible through fund managers who make sure to choose securities of companies which have a high growth prospect.

4. Lock-in Period

ProductsReturnsLock-in Period
ELSS Mutual Funds~15%-16%3 years
Bank Tax Saving FD7%-8%5 years
National Saving Certificate8%5 years
Insurance Policy4%-5%10 years
Public Provident Fund8%15 years

The above table clarifies that amongst the tax-saving products (under Section 80C), ELSS has the shortest lock-in period after which you can redeem or reinvest. However, since ELSS is equity-linked, investors who have long term goals and are willing to remain invested are likely to benefit the most from ELSS funds.

5. Flexibility

Most of the tax-saving instruments, such as tax-saving FDs for instance, accept only lump-sum deposits or one-time investment. However, ELSS funds give you the flexibility to choose One-time or Systematic Investment Plans. For investors who want to cultivate the habit of regular investments and are comfortable to deposit small amounts, ELSS funds are the best option. All that you need is an investment as low as Rs. 500 and you can start in SIPs of ELSS Funds.

Hence, conclusively ELSS is the right choice of investment if you want to save tax, along with rewarding benefits. So remember:

  • Have equity exposure for your investments
  • Save a substantial amount of salary from taxes
  • And get high returns for your long term financial goals, then

  It’s simple, opt for ELSS Funds!

Mutual Funds & its Types


Mutual Funds are the collective money of different investors who aim at saving money and making money through investments. The collected money will be invested back in various funds to earn returns. The Mutual Funds are categorized based on investment objective, structure and asset class.

Types of Mutual funds based on Asset Class:

  • Equity Mutual Funds: These funds are mainly invested in the Stock market. They are also called as “Stock Funds”. Equity Funds generate higher returns when compared with other fixed-income instruments such as FDs and Debt Funds. These funds best suited to those investors who are willing to see growth along with higher returns.
    These funds are further categorized into large-cap funds, mid-cap funds, small-cap funds, sectoral funds, index funds, etc.
  • Debt Mutual Funds: These are the kind of mutual funds where the investments are made in debt or fixed income securities such as government securities, corporate bonds, and money market instruments. Investors will invest in these funds because they are more risk averse and want to maintain stability in their asset portfolio. And these Debt funds come up with tax deductions and are highly liquid. They are “Safe investment instrument”
    There are different kinds of Debt funds such as Guilt funds, credit risk funds, floater funds, etc.
  • Hybrid Mutual Funds: Hybrid funds are both the mixture of Equity and Debt funds. The investors invest in these funds to avail the benefits of investing both Equity and Debt. It enables investors to have a diversified portfolio and can have access to different asset classes.
    The different kinds of Hybrid funds are balanced hybrid funds, Aggressive hybrid funds, and conservative hybrid funds.

Type of Mutual funds based on the Structure:

  • Open-Ended funds: These are the investment instruments that deal with the “Units” that are purchased or redeemed throughout the year. The purchase or redemption is based on the NAV (Net Asset Value). These instruments are highly liquid.
  • Close-Ended funds: These instruments deal with the “Units” which can be purchased only during the initial stages and can be redeemed only on the specific maturity date, and these are highly liquid.

Types of Mutual funds based on Investment Objective:

  • Growth funds: Here, the investors will always opt of “Equity Funds” because these funds come up with higher returns along with capital appreciation. Investors invest in these to see growth in their wealth and prefer to have an investment for the long term.
  • Income funds: Investments are made in “fixed-income instruments” such as debentures and bonds because they offer regular income along with capital protection.
  • Liquid funds: Liquid Mutual Fund investments are made in short term instruments such as commercial papers and treasury bills because they offer moderate returns and they have a low-risk factor with high liquidity.

Types of Mutual funds based on Investment Goals:

Investments are made by the investors in Mutual funds with a specific goal set.

  • Aggressive growth funds: These funds have a great chance of sudden growth and fetch higher returns. The risk involved is very high because they see high price fluctuations. It suits the investors who are willing to have an investment for more than 5 years.
  • Growth funds: Investors prefer growth fund because they want to make use of growth along with the profits.most of the time it is proved that growth funds are profitable.
  • Balanced funds: These funds are the fusion of income and growth. These funds provide investors with income and at the same time offers the possibility of growth. And income and growth will be moderate.
  • Income funds: These funds best suits for the investors who are retired. These are the funds where the investment is made in fixed-income securities that offer moderate returns and they are less risky.

Then what are you waiting for? Start investing in Mutual funds. It’s never too late to start. Install the Finity app in your phone and start your investment with just Rs 100.


Think investment, Think Finity!!!

Choose between Direct and Regular plan


When you buy something, you will always try to cut expenses. Suppose if we buy any product online, you prefer to have free delivery. Why you do that? In order to reduce costs, you’ll try to cut the additional expenses which you don’t want to incur. Here, you do the same with the Mutual Funds.

In the market, we can buy Mutual funds in 2 ways:

  1. Directly from Asset Management Company (AMC) – Direct Plan
  2. We choose to buy through an intermediary – Regular Plan

In Regular plan, you buy mutual funds through an intermediary such as brokers, distributors or advisors. And these agents will charge a commission for the services they provide where your expenses on investments will be high. As you know that these brokers will never sell you the products that you need. They always try to push the schemes which earn a good profit to them.

Now let’s look at Direct Plans. Direct Plan is a new regulation which is enforced by SEBI on January 1, 2013. In the Direct Plan, as an investor, you can directly buy the mutual funds from the Asset Management Company (AMC), where there will be no involvement of any brokers or intermediaries and these funds which you buy are commission free.

The great advantage of Direct Plans is that NAV (Net Asset Value i.e., the value per share) is more when compared to Regular Plan which means that you earn more on your investments.
For example, if you invest Rs 10 lakhs in both the Direct Plan and Regular Plan. The direct plan offers 17- 19% of returns whereas the Regular Plan offers 14-15% of returns. Thus, With Direct Plans you can earn 1-15% more returns than Regular Plans.

And here you have a platform to make an investment in Direct Plan- Finity with zero commission and zero fees. Finity offers you a wide range of funds and helps you to choose the right one that suits your investment needs. To look into more features of Finity – download the app, complete KYC and get access to top recommended funds.Screen_Shots

How to decide on Direct plan and Regular Plan?

  • If you already have an experience of investing in mutual funds, it is recommendable to go for Direct Plan, since you will have enough knowledge on mutual funds.
  • If you are a beginner then you can opt for Regular Plan and it is recommendable that you can switch to Direct Plan once you gain knowledge and experience in investing.

So don’t miss out on those 1.5% extra return. Choose Finity and begin your journey to fulfill your dreams.

You are unique and so is your Investment!

Finity Weekly Update (Issue #37): All that glitters IS gold and more…

Indian Indices ended the week in red, but gold has lived up to its reputation of being a safe haven asset class and appreciated by 3.10% for the same period.


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#Top2: Reasons for gold regaining sheen

  • The dovish stance from major central banks:

The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), the policy-making arm of the U.S. Fed kept rates unchanged in a range of 2.25% to 2.5% on Wednesday even as it signaled that it is ready to cut if data so warrants. Along with the US, the other central banks like Australia, Europe signaled to ease their monetary policies to support economic growth.

  • Gold buying by major central banks:

Global Central Banks, especially of countries having exposure to America’s unexpected policies, seem to be loading up on their gold reserves as a hedge against any major economic headwinds they may face.


Bottom line:

Gold as an asset class is known to be a natural hedge to economic risks your portfolio may be exposed to. While this short-term gleam in gold prices does not warrant an out and out investment into gold, it sure strengthens the case for a diversified asset allocation into equity, debt, and gold.

It makes sense for investors to hold an indicative ~5%-10% of the total portfolio in gold mutual funds or digital gold to maintain a well-diversified portfolio that will help build a consistent, sustainable and risk-optimal portfolio for the longer term.

De-Jargon SIP, STP and SWP


Net Asset Value

NAV stands for Net Asset Value. Generally, the “net” arrives only when you remove the cost incurred from the price.

For example: Imagine there are 100 investors and each invested Rs 1,000 in an Equity fund. Each unit price will be Rs 10. Then the sum of Rs 1 lakh is invested in various stocks of mutual funds. A year later the value of Rs 1 lakh will be turned out to Rs 1.5 lakhs, giving a profit of Rs 50k.  If the cost of 10k is removed, then the profit earned is 40k. Then, the unit price will go from Rs 10 to Rs 14. Now, your 100 units worth is Rs 1.400.


  • Investors can access the performance of the fund through the NAV differentials.
  • NAV helps to identify potential investment opportunities.
  • One can also use NAV to view the holdings in their portfolio.

Systematic Investment Plan

Why everybody is talking about SIP? What’s this cool new thing that you should know about.

SIP is a Systematic Investment Plan. This is the same as your Recurring deposits where you make periodic investments into mutual funds. Fixed money will be deducted from your bank savings account and will be directed towards the mutual fund for which you have opted for.

The two things which are good about SIP:

  1. Some people make a target for saving in SIP and spend the rest. Thus it’s very useful in building the habit of regular investment.
  2. SIP allows you to average out your price as you invest over the years, either monthly or quarterly.
  3. Also, SIP helps in reducing the risk of the market as it spreads the money throughout the various market cycle.

How SIP is different from a one-time investment:

SIP One- time investment
Periodic investment Lump sum investment
Earns better even when markets are low Earns when markets are high
Protect investment from a market crash Investments will be affected due to the market crash


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Remember, Systematic Investment Plan is a vehicle, not a goal, you use a SIP to make investments and you can choose to have financial adviser if needed.

You can start investing in SIP with just Rs 100. Here, you have the best investment platform- Finity.

STP- Systematic Transfer Plan:

Investors worry about making lump sum investments because of risk appetite. This is where STP helps you to mitigate the risk. In SIP, you will move your money from saving to a mutual fund whereas, in STP,  you will move your money from one fund to another. Instead of investing all in one go, you can put money in a liquid fund and set up a monthly/ weekly/ yearly transfers into different equity schemes.

SWP- Systematic Withdrawal Plan:

Here, you can either choose to withdraw capital gains on your investments or a fixed amount.this way you will not only have money still invested in the scheme but also it can be part of your regular income and returns.

Why SWP?

  1. With the SWP, you can time your withdrawals as per your financial needs. It ensures the availability of funds at the right time.
  2. With this plan, an investor can create a flow of income from an investment that is regular.

Hope this article helped you to understand the various ways of investing. Remember to make a thorough analysis of each before you make your choice. However, the most recommended option is SIP as it allows you to get into the habit of saving and provides the benefit of compounding.

Think Smart! Think Finity!

A solution for your Emergencies

Emergency funds

Keeping money aside to face your emergencies is important. We all do have a situation where we need money – it can be a medical emergency, sudden job loss, disability or certain health issues which may stop you from earning. One should be very clear on the statement that – Your emergency funds cannot become your savings whereas your savings can be your emergency fund. Your savings and emergency funds are not the same. They are two different things. These two are differentiated based on an individual’s planned and unplanned expenses. Generally, savings are made to meet one’s planned expenses.

For example: Think about buying a car, where you will pull all your savings, take a loan or you borrow from your relatives or friends. These are events you can prepare and plan for. Then what about unplanned expenses? Sudden job loss, huge medical expenses, health issues that stop you from earning all these can be one’s unplanned expenses. This is why we create an Emergency Fund.

Savings and emergency funds are two different categories. Savings provide you the financial freedom to make an investment which can be for a short or a long term and helps you meet your financial needs. Whereas emergency fund provides you the financial security by assisting you in financial crisis.

How much you need for an Emergency Fund?

Roughly keep aside six months of your living expenses including your EMI, rent and school fee. You can increase or decrease this figure based on your personal situations. Say you have decided to have an emergency fund of Rs.1 lakh, in this case, you can put aside money of Rs 5,000 or Rs 10,000 every month. On being more specific:

  1. If you and your spouse both are working and have no dependents, in such cases, 3 months of your living expenses can be kept aside for an emergency fund.
  2. If you are a sole bread earner of in your family and you have many dependents then one year of your living expenses can be kept aside for an emergency fund.
  3. If you are risk-averse, then you can keep a year’s expense like an emergency fund.

Where you keep this money?

The money which you keep aside i.e., an emergency fund cannot be kept idle. So you can move these funds to a place where the accessibility is less and liquidity is high and offers better returns than a savings account. Accessibility is less because more often you cannot take out the money unless its an emergency.
Fixed deposits can be an easy option. Certain banks offer flexible FD’s that will allow you to sweep the money that you need without any additional charges. Hence you can go for it.

Another popular investment option is – “The Mutual Funds”. You can go for short- term debt funds to build an emergency fund. These debt funds offer you a better return when compared with FD’s. These debt funds are more flexible and the incident of tax is very less comparatively.

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Therefore, set yourself a target and plan accordingly. Make a regular monthly credit towards your emergency funds. Hence be prepared for uncertainties of tomorrow. If you don’t have anything saved towards an Emergency Fund, it is not too late to get started. So, start with Finity.

The little you put, the more you can do!